Abant İzzet Baysal UNIVERSITY
Department of Principles of Atatürk and History of Turkish Revolution

Course Name
Principles of Atatürk and History of Turkish Revolution II
Code Semester
T+U Hour
2 Hours / Week
Prerequisite Courses ——-
Course Language Turkish
Course Type Compulsory for All Students


Course Coordinator

 Prof. Dr. Cemal Avcı
Course Instructors Lecturers
Lecturer Assistant ——–
Aim of Course The purpose of this course is to teach the major principles of Ataturk and Turkish Revolution.  Turkish Revolution as well as the principles of Ataturk are very important for Turkish education system. From the primary school through the University education, this subject is taken very seriously and it is compulsory for all students. Therefore this university level class aims to teach and directs students to understand these principles in detail.




1) To understand and evaluate the reasons of the transition from an Empire to a Nation State
2). To understand  how Turkey, in minds of Ataturk, can reach the levels of civilized nations
3) The ability to evaluate the current issues with historical knowledge
4) To gain the knowledge of political science and international relations
5) To benefit from different sources
6)  Ability to adapting  to new issues, producing new ideas, making  a decision and solving  problems
7) To make the synthesis of universal values and national values
8)  To evaluate  the Turkish modernization process correctly
Course Contents This class starts with the first years of the new Republic and examines the results of the National Independence, elimination of the Sultanate and the creation of the new Republic. Then it focuses on the reforms in educational, cultural, social and economic areas and the strategy of Turkish Revolution as well as the formation process of these revolutions. After teaching various internal and external political events during the Presidency of Atatürk, the class finishes with the death of Ataturk and the Second World War.




Week Subject Prerequisite
1 Analysis of the Conference of Lausanne  and the comparison of treaty of Lausanne with the treaty of Sevres.  
2 The concept of the Republic, the declaration of the Republic.  
3 Political reforms: elimination of the Caliphate, democracy tries and reactions to the transition period, the assassination attempt of Ataturk, the Sheikh Said rebellion, and the events of Menemen.  
4 The reforms in the social field: Revolution of Hat, the closure of dervish lodges, Calendar, and the law of the time and surname  
5 The reforms in the field of education and culture.  
6 Reforms  in Economic  
7 Reforms in law  
8 Atatürk period in Turkish foreign policy: the League of Nations and Turkey, the Balkan Entente, Sadabad Pact.  
9 Atatürk period in Turkish foreign policy: the Montreux Straits Agreement, to join the motherland of Hatay, Turkey’s bilateral relations with other countries  
10 Personal characteristics of Atatürk and the Kemalist thought system  
11 The basic principles of the Republic  
12 Presidency of İsmet İnönü  
13 Second World War and Turkey  
14 Domestic politics in Turkey after Ataturk (1938-1960)  


  1. Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal, Nutuk, Ankara 1997.
  2. Kodaman, Bayram, Cumhuriyetin Tarihî-Fikrî Temelleri ve Atatürk, Isparta 2001.
  3. Mumcu, Ahmet, Tarih Açısından Türk Devriminin Temelleri ve Gelişimi, Ankara 1971.
  4. Baykara, Tuncer, Türk İnkılap Tarihi ve Atatürk İlkeleri, İstanbul 2006
  5. Aybars, Ergun, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi I-II, İzmir 2005.
  6. Komisyon, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti I-II Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Yayını
  7. Komisyon,  Atatürk İlkeleri ve İnkılap Tarihi I /1, I/2, II,  YÖK Yayını
  8. Derviş Kılınçkaya (ed): Atatürk ve Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi. Siyasal Kitabevi, Ankara, 2004.
  9. Ahmad, Feroz, Modern Türkiye’nin Oluşumu, İstanbul, 1995.
  10. Atatürk’ün Söylev ve Demeçleri, 3 cilt, Ankara, 1981.
  11. Atatürk’ün Tamim Telgraf ve Beyannameleri, 4 cilt, Ankara, 1964.
  12. Bayur, Yusuf Hikmet, Türk İnkılâp Tarihi, 10 cilt, Ankara, 1991.
  13. Berkes, Niyazi, Türkiye’de Çağdaşlaşma, Ankara, 1978.
  14. Karpat, Kemal, H., Türk Demokrasi Tarihi, İstanbul, 1967.
  15. Lewis, Bernard, Modern Türkiye’nin Doğuşu, Ankara, II. Baskı,1984.
  16. Mumcu, Ahmet, Tarih Açısından Türk Devriminin Temelleri ve Gelişimi -, Ankara, 1974.
  17. Zürcher, E. J., Modernleşen Türkiye’nin Tarihi, İstanbul, 1999.


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