Abant İzzet Baysal UNIVERSITY
Department of Principles of Atatürk and History of Turkish Revolution

Course Name
Principles of Atatürk and History of Turkish Revolution I
Code Semester
T+U Hour
2 Hours / Week
Prerequisite Courses ——-
Course Language Turkish
Course Type Compulsory for All Students
Course Coordinator  Prof. Dr. Cemal Avcı
Course Instructors Lecturers
Lecturer Assistant ——–
Aim of Course The purpose of this course is to teach the major principles of Ataturk and Turkish Revolution.  Turkish Revolution as well as the principles of Ataturk are very important for Turkish education system. From the primary school through the University education, this subject is taken very seriously and it is compulsory for all students. Therefore this university level class aims to teach and directs students to understand these principles in detail.







1) To understand and evaluate the reasons of the transition from an Empire to a Nation State
2). To understand  how Turkey, in minds of Ataturk, can reach the levels of civilized nations
3) The ability to evaluate the current issues with historical knowledge
4) To gain the knowledge of political science and international relations
5) To benefit from different sources
6)  Ability to adapting  to new issues, producing new ideas, making  a decision and solving  problems
7) To make the synthesis of universal values and national values
8)  To evaluate  the Turkish modernization process correctly
Course Contents Students first learn the process of Ottoman Modernization and the late periods of Ottoman Empire.  The class then focuses on the first two decades of the 20th Century. Notable subjects are I. and II. Ottoman Constitutional Periods, Balkan Wars and I. World War. In the following weeks The class aims to teach how Turkish Republic was created through the Independence War as well as the creation of National assembly. Finally how the new Republic was created and the principles of the Turkish revolution are taught.






Week Subjeck Prerequisite
1 Basic concepts of the course description, teaching methods and resources of the class as well 19 Century is an overview of the World.  
2 An overview of the causes of collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Reform movements and the consequences.  
3 Movements in the Ottoman Empire to save the idea of facing  
4 The Eastern Question and the wars that triggered the collapse of the Ottoman Empire (93 War, Tripoli War, the Balkan Wars)  
5 The general state of the World and the Ottoman Empire before World War I. The fronts of the War such as the front of Dardanelles.  
6 The  ideologies of the World such as nationalism, and their impact on the Ottoman minorities and the Armenian Question.  
7 The Mondros Armistice, its affect on the Empire and resulting outcome.  
8 Occupation of the Empire and Istanbul, Istanbul government during occupation and the attitude of the minorities.  
9 Mustafa Kemal starts the National Independence by going to Samsun. Erzurum and Sivas Conventions.  
10 Representing the Board of Deputies-Istanbul government relations between the opening of Parliament, the National Pact, the invasion of Istanbul, the opening of Parliament and take over the administration of the National Struggle, rebellions and measures.  
11  National Independence Wars in the East and South of Turkey  
12 Wars in the Western Front,  
13 Political activities and treaties during the National Struggle Period  
14 Mudanya Armistice and the elimination of the Sultanate.  


  1. Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal, Nutuk, Ankara 1997.
  2. Kodaman, Bayram, Cumhuriyetin Tarihî-Fikrî Temelleri ve Atatürk, Isparta 2001.
  3. Mumcu, Ahmet, Tarih Açısından Türk Devriminin Temelleri ve Gelişimi, Ankara 1971.
  4. Baykara, Tuncer, Türk İnkılap Tarihi ve Atatürk İlkeleri, İstanbul 2006
  5. Aybars, Ergun, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi I-II, İzmir 2005.
  6. Komisyon, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti I-II Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Yayını
  7. Komisyon,  Atatürk İlkeleri ve İnkılap Tarihi I /1, I/2, II,  YÖK Yayını
  8. Derviş Kılınçkaya (ed): Atatürk ve Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi. Siyasal Kitabevi, Ankara, 2004.
  9. Ahmad, Feroz, Modern Türkiye’nin Oluşumu, İstanbul, 1995.
  10. Atatürk’ün Söylev ve Demeçleri, 3 cilt, Ankara, 1981.
  11. Atatürk’ün Tamim Telgraf ve Beyannameleri, 4 cilt, Ankara, 1964.
  12. Bayur, Yusuf Hikmet, Türk İnkılâp Tarihi, 10 cilt, Ankara, 1991.
  13. Berkes, Niyazi, Türkiye’de Çağdaşlaşma, Ankara, 1978.
  14. Karpat, Kemal, H., Türk Demokrasi Tarihi, İstanbul, 1967.
  15. Lewis, Bernard, Modern Türkiye’nin Doğuşu, Ankara, II. Baskı,1984.
  16. Mumcu, Ahmet, Tarih Açısından Türk Devriminin Temelleri ve Gelişimi -, Ankara, 1974.
  17. Zürcher, E. J., Modernleşen Türkiye’nin Tarihi, İstanbul, 1999.


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